c. 1340-1420 Men's Cotehardies
c. 1340-1420 Men's Cotehardies by Period Patterns
Cotehardies were worn by both sexes of all ages and classes for over 200 years, from England to Bohemia, Norway to Spain. While there were regional variations, the basic cut of the cotehardie was the same throughout Europe. Originally a version of the tunic (Period Patterns #16), cotehardies differed in sleeve cut, variations, and tailor fit. Men's cotehardies, worn long or short, were initially tight to the hips, with long tight sleeves. They were worn over a shirt (Period Patterns™ 43) and hose (Period Patterns™ 101), often with hoods. In the first half of the 14th century a major style change occurred. With the invention of curved sleeve caps, gussets under the arm became unnecessary. Puffed chests and full sleeves became fashionable on men's cotehardies by 1350.
Sleeveless tunics or surcoats (from the French "sur le cote", i.e. over the cotehardie) were worn by both sexes as early as the 12th century, but with the return of crusaders from the Holy Land the style became wildly popular. The armholes deepened to the waist, then to the hip.
Surcoats and cotehardies for both sexes could be plain and somber, or wildly colorful. Heraldic motifs were common on these garments. Both sexes began wearing houpelandes (Period Patterns™ 26) over a cotehardie after 1380. Cotehardies and surcoats as outerwear became unfashionable before 1425. Men's cotehardies evolved into the doublet (Period Patterns™ 43 & 53).
Pattern includes 5 cotehardies and 3 hoods. Multi-sized pattern includes chest sizes 36-48 all in one pattern. Please see back cover image for view descriptions, sizing chart, fabric and notion requirements.